Rome is the capital of Italy, one of the most magnificent cities in the world and the ancient capital of the Roman Empire. Tourists can hardly resist the deafening noise, hustle and bustle of the new Rome, interspersed with the quiet and serene islets of the old city. No tourist will leave here disappointed, whatever he does - shopping on Via Veneto, visiting ancient monuments, getting to know churches, seeing artworks or just enjoying la dolce vita.
Rome is divided into two parts by the Tiber River. Previously, the river was deeper, which often caused floods and floods. In the 19th century, high stone parapets were erected and since then the threat of flooding has passed.
In Rome, you can see the magnificent imperial palaces, the Altar of the Augustan Peace of Emperor Augustus, the giant baths of Diocletian, the Pantheon, the catacombs, the Colosseum. Rome has been the centre of Christendom for several centuries. It is known for its churches and basilicas.
There are many art galleries in the city, such as the Borghese Gallery, Palazzo Doria Pamphilj, the National Thermal Museum and the National Gallery of Ancient Art. Among the many monuments in Rome are dozens of fountains in shady squares where tourists tired of sightseeing can drink cappuccino and relax.
Summer in Rome is long and hot with an average temperature of + 25 ° C, almost no precipitation. The average temperature in Rome in winter is + 5 ° C. The climate here is mild in winter, with almost no frost and snowfall.
In the very centre of Rome is the tiny state of the Vatican. Not only hundreds of pilgrims flock here every year, but also a huge number of tourists from all over the world. The Vatican is the only country where Latin is the state language. And if you're lucky, in the Vatican you can meet the Pope himself!
The small territory of the Vatican contains real palace complexes, the famous Vatican gardens, museums and art galleries, as well as beautiful cathedrals. Tourists come to the Vatican to admire the unique architectural and historical monuments.
The magnificent Vatican palaces are the largest museum complexes in the world. These ancient museums store the most valuable works of art from different eras, collected by all the popes over the past few centuries. The Vatican Library houses a rich collection of the rarest ancient editions, and the Sistine Hall houses a Bible written by hand in the 4th century. Any tourist can get into the Sistine Chapel, where the cardinals hold their meetings.
The most beautiful gardens in Europe are located in the Vatican. This place is under the strictest protection around the clock, and two dozen gardeners are watching their appearance. There are many fountains in the gardens. The most famous of these is the 17th-century Galleon Fountain. It is a small replica of an Italian 16-gun galleon.
Ancient Rome was built on seven legendary hills: Capitol, Quirinale, Viminale, Esquilina, Palatine, Aventine and Celia. The Hill of Pintsius to the north of the Quirinal, the Vatican Hill and the Janiculum on the right bank of the river arose later. The 19 km long Aurelian city wall was crossed only during the unification of Italy.